Cafe on the Bay, Chesapeake City, Maryland - Tuesday, May 7, 2019

Cafe on the Bay, Chesapeake City, Maryland - Tuesday, May 7, 2019
Cafe on the Bay, Chesapeake City, Maryland - Tuesday, May 7, 2019

Sunday, May 5, 2019

Rollin' Past NASCAR in Dover, Delaware - Sunday, May 5, 2019

Today we're moving from Lanexa, Virginia, to Bear, Delaware. Our Google Maps told us the fastest way was I-95. We didn't want to deal with all the traffic around Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Maryland, so we opted to take a more leisurely route up the Delmarva Peninsula on US 13 and SR 113. (For those of you not familiar with the East Coast, the Delmarva Peninsula is made up of parts of three states: Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia: Del-Mar-Va.)

Rain was in the forecast today around 8:00 a.m. Therefore, we were up at 5:00 a.m. to get ourselves over the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel (CBBT) as early as possible. We didn't want to be stuck if high winds kicked up and they had to close the bridge. High winds weren't in the forecast and we didn't have any trouble with the crossing. The toll one-way for our truck and 5th wheel was $24.00. The rain started while we were on the bridge and stayed with us all day.

The Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel is an engineering marvel. Opened in 1964, it is a 23-mile-long combination of bridges and tunnels that cross the Chesapeake Bay where it meets the Atlantic Ocean. After it opened, it was selected "One of the Seven Engineering Wonders of the Modern World" in a worldwide competition that included more than 100 major projects. In 1965, it was chosen as "The Outstanding Civil Engineering Achievement" by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

Our drive on U.S. 13 and SR 113 was lovely. The roads were beautiful with lots of room. It was four-lane, divided highways all the way. However, when SR 113 hooked up with Hwy. 1 south of Dover, Delaware, the roads got much more congested. There were more towns with lots of stoplights, construction, and NASCAR traffic.

That's right, the NASCAR Speedway is right in the heart of Dover, Delaware, and we drove right past it. Luckily, the traffic by the Speedway wasn't too bad. We weren't sure they were going to run the race because it was raining quite a bit.

When we arrived at Lums Pond State Park and got to our site, it was flooded on my side of the truck and the grassy area around the site was quite mucky. A man from across the road came over and told us he had just been in that site and it had been a lot worse. He advised us to move to a different site and explained that sites 1-4 were walk-in sites and if they were available, we could take one of them.

Site 2 was huge and perfect for our 5th wheel and truck, so we moved there. I called the state park camp host to let them know we moved. They said that was fine and we could stay here until our check out on Wednesday. Yay!

Site #2 at Lums Pond State Park
Lums Pond State Park
The drive took us from 6:30 a.m. until we pulled in at the park around 2:30 p.m. As I said earlier, this was the slower route. Bob drove for 2-1/2 hours, and then I took over at 9:00 a.m. It seemed that my portion of the drive went very smoothly. There was very little traffic and I got most of the traffic lights green. I only had to stand on the brakes at one light (going 45 mph when it changed). Bob took over again at around 11:00 a.m. and ended up with the worst of the driving. It seemed like he had a lot of construction and many little towns where he hit almost every light red. It was a frustrating drive as we approached and went through Dover.

We have decided when we change campgrounds on Wednesday, we will take the toll road to lessen the aggravation. As it was, today the road took a toll on Bob.

Tonight, because we don't have cable TV at the state park, Bob drove about five miles to a sports bar to watch the Portland Trailblazers. Unfortunately, they lost. 

Tomorrow, we plan to Volksmarch in Trenton, New Jersey. If we feel like it, we may stop in Philadelphia on the way back to the campground. There are also two trails here at the campground that circle Lums Pond: one is 8 miles, the other is 6.4 miles.

Goodnight all.

Saturday, May 4, 2019

I Was A Homebody Today; Bob Wasn't - Saturday, May 4, 2019

Here is a more current blog since I'm a few weeks behind. 

Bob was gung-ho to see the brand-new American Civil War Museum in Richmond, Virginia. Saturday was the day to do it. In fact, Saturday was the grand opening, ribbon-cutting ceremony.

I, however, was done with Civil War History and opted to sleep in, clean the 5th wheel, and do laundry. To me, it seems like no matter where we go in the East and Southeast (even in Arizona at Picacho Peak!) there is yet more Civil War history. It was a battle that raged on, pitted brother against brother, killed thousands, and broke up families. On the other hand, it granted freedom to the oppressed slaves. It needed to happen, but it wasn't pretty. Bob says, "It's complicated." He'll explain later in another blog.

Anyway, Bob loved his day. Even though the new museum didn't live up to his expectations, he also went to Chickahominy Bluffs, Beaver Dam Creek, Gaines Mill, Cold Harbor Visitor Center, Petersburg (did a driving tour of Petersburg including the site of the crater), and City Point where Grant had his headquarters for the campaign. (And he says I schedule days tightly!)

At Cold Harbor Visitor Center, Bob talked with a Park Ranger for an hour and a half about the war. He said he really enjoyed that conversation. (It was a slow day at that visitor center.)

Meanwhile, back at Rockahock Campground (don't you love that name?), I did five loads of laundry because our next two campgrounds don't have laundromats (one state park, one fairground). With all the walking we've been doing, the laundry was a must.

Rockahock Campground in Lanexa, Virginia, is about half-way between Richmond and the Newport News area. We used it as a base for our explorations for six days. I thought you might like to see photos of it. 

A major fishing destination!
The dock at Rockahock Campground.
Some huge bass and catfish have been pulled out of the Chickahominy River here. They have photos posted in the campground office.

The docks to nowhere.
Beautiful cypress trees line the river here.
Campground office.
Walker's Dam Grill Restaurant next to the office.
We never had time to eat there.
Covered "amphitheater" for group events.
A Good Sam Virginia rally was happening this weekend.
There are yurts.
Their propane tank has seen better days!
Kid's rock climbing wall and playground.
A children's bounce "pillow."
Beautiful cabins for rent.
The pool looked like it hadn't been open for
quite some time.
Our site is in the front row, middle.
Our neighbors looked long-term with lots of junk in their site. The photo below shows our hook-ups for water, sewer, electric, and cable. Our site is on the right. You see the firewood and the picnic table? Those belong to the neighbors on the left. They are usurping "our" site. The picnic table is supposed to be on their brick pad to the left. I don't know why their firewood is on our site. Bob had to navigate around it to do our hookups.

Laundry room.
Sunset over the Chickahominy River.
So, we each had our own time and both of us did what we wanted (or needed, in my case) to do. Personally, I would love to go see "The Avengers: End Game," go to an art museum, and spend more time at gardens. 

Tomorrow, we drive to Lums Pond State Park in Bear, Delaware. The fastest way to get there is supposed to be I-95 around Washington, D.C., and Baltimore; however, we decided to take the longer, slower way up the Delmarva Peninsula.

That's it for Saturday.

Thursday, April 18, 2019

Civil War Musings - Thursday, April 18, 2019

[Today's blog is by my talented, intelligent husband, Bob, who is really into history. Enjoy.]

On a beautiful day, I took time to do a ten-mile hike around the Chickamauga Battlefield which looks today very much like it did in 1864. See the many pictures attached. It is a strange feeling to be in such a peaceful setting where so many died.

Knowing that our epic RV trip this year would include many significant Civil War sites, I prepared by reading several books and studying up on many aspects of the conflict prior to leaving Texas. This guest appearance on's site will talk about the war in general, and specifically about two sites we visited in middle Tennessee and northwest Georgia, Stones River National Battlefield and Chickamauga and Chattanooga Battlefield.

Stones River Visitor Center.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
Chickamauga Battlefield Visitor Center.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
Overall there were three basic theaters in the Civil War:

Eastern, which focused primarily on Virginia and surrounding states and included the capitals of both belligerents, Washington and Richmond. Except for his one major offensive foray into Pennsylvania at Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee did the majority of fighting in Virginia and Maryland. We will address those battle sites when we arrive in Richmond at the end of April and in May when we visit Gettysburg.

Trans-Mississippi, which included any action west of the Mississippi. While there were many smaller battles in the West, there were no "major" battles fought west of the river. Union strategy from the beginning of the war was to control the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy, keeping them from resources in the West. This objective was accomplished relatively quickly with a superior navy by controlling major tributaries. 

As a side note, a few weeks ago we passed by Picacho Peak between Tucson and Phoenix which was the site for the westernmost skirmish between the armies when a rebel scouting party ran into Union soldiers from California in the Arizona desert. 

Middle Tennessee, where overland armies fought tenaciously over territory even when the outcome of the war was decided. These included battles at Shiloh in southwestern Tennessee (one of the bloodiest battles in the war), battles near Nashville (two different times) at Stones River and Franklin, and around Chattanooga. The campaigns set the stage for General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea after his sacking of Atlanta.

Nashville was the first Confederate capital to fall and soon Memphis and New Orleans were in Union hands. When General Ulysses S. Grant took Vicksburg the same day as the Union victory at Gettysburg, the North has surrounded the Deep South. This move, in conjunction with the blockade of southern ports, completed the "Anaconda" plan of isolating the South from outside resources.

The bluff overlooking the Mississippi River from
downtown Memphis. (Photo by Susan Alton.)
We got deep into Civil War history when we crossed the Mississippi River in Memphis, Tennessee. Due to its strategic location, Tennessee saw more action during the war than any state except Virginia.  It was a bitterly contested landscape for its important river and railroad connections.

While in Memphis, Tennessee, at the beginning of April, we saw the bluff on the Mississippi River where many Memphis citizens watched the 90-minute naval battle between nine Union Ironsides and rams and what passed for the Confederate navy. While the South sunk one Union vessel, they were overwhelmed, losing eight "Cottonsides." The city became an important base of operations for Grant as he planned his Vicksburg campaign.

From Memphis, we traveled to Nashville, passing within several miles (on the freeway) of the Shiloh Battlefield. This early battle in southwestern Tennessee pitted Grant against General Albert Sidney Johnson and was typical of many encounters between the armies. The Confederates won the first day of fighting, only to lose their gains as better equipped and reinforced Union troops refused to yield and ended up forcing the rebels to retreat to Mississippi. Of the estimated 100,000 participants, over 23,000 were killed, wounded or missing in the battle, the most ever in any battle to that time (although eight more Civil War battles would surpass those numbers by the war's end).

A trend evolves in this battle which can be seen in most other engagements -- the focus on either water transport (in Shiloh, the Union navy kept the North supplied and provided firepower from ship-mounted cannons) or a reliance on the railroads. Control of the railways was always a primary objective of all conflicts throughout Tennessee.

While in Nashville, we toured the state capitol which was occupied by the Union army for most of the war. Tennessee was an interesting case as the state was split between northern and southern sympathies. It was the last state to secede from the Union and the first to return after the fighting. It sent troops to both the Union and Confederate armies. For a time, there were both Federal and Confederate governors. 

After Nashville fell to the north, it became the base for Union forays deeper into Confederate territory. About 28 miles south of Nashville, outside of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, along the Stones River, the armies met for a large battle in April 1863. Both Presidents, Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis, were frustrated with their generals for their inactivity. Both General William Rosecrans for the North and General Braxton Bragg leading the South wanted more time to prepare, plan and train troops for battle, but were forced by political leaders to engage the enemy.

Stones River National Battlefield.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
Enlarge to read this.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
Approximately 76,000 troops clashed at Stones River on the last day of 1862. The Confederates gained an early advantage but the Union army defended their positions with heavy losses and the day closed in a draw. The combatants took New Year's Day off to tend to the dead and wounded. They resumed fighting on January 2. After another bloody day, Bragg, the Confederate general believed erroneously that Union reinforcements were on the way and retreated from the battle.

Considered an important victory for the North, the casualty count was extremely high, 24,000 or over 31% of the soldiers killed, wounded, or missing. For the rest of the war, Nashville was a secure Union base and provided support for future intrusions into the Deep South.

Hazen Brigade Monument at Stones River.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
Stones River - U.S. National Cemetery.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
After our time in Nashville, Susan and I drove southeast along Interstate 24 toward Chattanooga, past Tullahoma, Decherd, and Sewanee. These are sites of fighting as the Union army under Rosecrans forced retreating Confederates under Bragg back to Chattanooga on the Tennessee River. The armies fought along railroad routes between Nashville and Chattanooga. Both generals used the railroads to supply troops and provisions to the battlefields. This was a new innovation in wartime: the use of railroads to move troops from one theater of battle to another.

Chattanooga was a very important river port and railway hub for the South. It provided protection for Atlanta, 100 miles to the southeast, the major city in the South after Richmond. During the build-up to conflict, the Confederates reinforced their numbers with troops from Virginia that arrived by railroad. The North was being supplied from Nashville.

There were actually three battles for Chattanooga. The first, early in the war (1862) was a light bombardment of Union troops against the entrenched rebels and resulted in the Union army retreating after light casualties.

Then, in 1863, after Stones River and the resulting campaign for middle Tennessee, Confederates retreated to Chattanooga but could not hold the city. Rosecrans deceived southerners guarding the city by releasing construction debris upriver from the city to give the impression of a crossing at that location when, in fact, his army was crossing on pontoon bridges downriver from the city. When the Confederate General Bragg realized what happened, he retreated ten miles south to Lafayette, Georgia, where he established his headquarters with 60,000 troops. Union General Rosecrans assembled his 65,000 men in Chattanooga and marched south to meet Bragg in what would become the second bloodiest battle of the war at Chickamauga Creek. 

After several weeks of preparation, the actual battle lasted two days, spread out across a front of four miles. The Confederates earned a rare victory, sending the Union troops back to Chattanooga. The battle was won not by any grand strategy, but through very close fighting, often shrouded in gunsmoke hanging in the trees. Combatants were often on top of each other in the woods before they engaged.

The generals did not know the positions of their own men much less the enemy and had to make decisions without good information. This, coupled with poor communication, left a significant gap in the Union lines which several brigades of southern soldiers exploited. They could not rout the northern troops thanks to General George Henry Thomas (nicknamed "The Rock of Chickamauga") who held back the rebel thrust long enough for the remaining Union armies to retreat back to Chattanooga. The exhausted Confederate soldiers were not in a position to chase them. Over 34,500 men were killed, wounded, or missing in two days of fighting.

After the Union army retreated, Confederates took up positions on the high ground surrounding the city and began a two-month siege. This engagement was the third battle of Chattanooga. After General Grant opened up railroad lines to resupply Chattanooga from the north, the Union army defeated Confederates at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge and began what is known as the Atlanta Campaign in 1864. While these battles were smaller than the larger conflicts, they were dramatic affairs involving significant heroism from Union soldiers advancing against an entrenched enemy holding the higher ground.

The battle for Lookout Mountain (which towers 2,000 feet above Chattanooga) is called the Battle Above the Clouds as fog and low clouds obscured Union troop movements. 18,000 participants fought with very few casualties as northern soldiers surrounded the mountain and forced the southerners to retreat.

View of Chattanooga from Lookout Mountain.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
Confederate position on Lookout Mountain.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
Southeast of the city at Missionary Ridge, in a coordinated attack, 56,000 Union troops engaged 44,000 southerners in a one-day action. Several troops were commanded to storm rebel rifle pits at the base of the mountains and wait for further orders. No one knows why, but when the northern soldiers accomplished their goal of the rifle pits, they just kept storming up the hill and overwhelmed Confederates on the ridge and claimed victory.

There were many heroic stories that emerged from these battles which were fought by men from all over the country. As one of the first Civil War battlefields to be preserved, with many participants from each side attending multiple reunions, there ended up being 705 memorials, markers, and explanatory signs documenting the action, most erected by state governments commemorating contributions to the battle by their citizens.

Hiking trail at Chickamauga.
(Photo by Robert Alton.)
Creek crossing at Chickamauga Battlefield.
(Photo by Robert Alton.)
Woods to a meadow.
(Photo by Robert Alton.)
Monuments and signs all over.
(Photo by Robert Alton.)
More monuments.
(Photo by Robert Alton.)
Typical explanatory sign.
(Photo by Robert Alton.)
Monument at Chickamauga Battlefield.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
Another monument at Chickamauga Battlefield.
(Photo by Susan Alton.)
More battlefield scenes.
(Photo by Robert Alton.)
There were cannons all over the place.
(Photo by Robert Alton.) 
Another monument.
(Photo by Robert Alton.)

Ohio Infantry Monument.
(Photo by Robert Alton.)
Refer to Susan's blog from Saturday, February 26, 2011, for additional information and photos.

Friday, April 12, 2019

The Seven C's - Friday, April 12, 2019

I'm taking a look at the Seven C's (not the high seas) around Nashville this weekend. They are:
  1. Cedar Creek Campground
  2. Cumberland River
  3. Corps of Engineers (COE)
  4. Country music
  5. Civil War
  6. Cultural Landscape Foundation's "What's Out There Weekend?" in Nashville
  7. City traffic
Today is a day of change for us. We're packing up the 5th wheel and moving 14 miles to another COE campground. Even though we made reservations months ago, we could not get a week in either campground, so we split the week between the two. It's nice because we could check out another COE park.

Cedar Creek Campground is on the Cumberland River. The road to this campground is quite narrow. 

We had a level site underneath a cherry tree in full bloom. The sites were spaced nicely, and we had a view of the river. Throughout the day, we could see a couple of great blue herons and an egret fishing close to shore.

Our site at Cedar Creek COE outside Nashville, TN.

Sunnie approves.
We were surprised to learn that tugs/barges go by on this river. The Cumberland River travels 687 miles from its headwaters in Lechter County, Kentucky, to Smithland, Kentucky, on the Ohio River. Over 300 miles of its course is through Tennessee.

The Army Corps of Engineers was instrumental in building dams and dredging the river to make the area navigable and has had a major influence on the Cumberland River since 1832. In "1825, increasing steamboat trade caused the Tennessee legislature to petition Congress for a survey of the Cumberland which was the main shipping route for middle Tennessee produce. Between 1832 and 1838 Congress appropriated $155,000 for river improvements, viewing the potential production from the coal fields of eastern Kentucky as justification for navigational improvements. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began clearing snags and constructing wing dams to deepen the channel." [Reference: Tennessee Encyclopedia. Click the link for more U.S. Army COE and Cumberland River history.]

We had a relaxing day in the park. In the evening, Bob took a walk around the campground. We had a magnificent sunset!

Evening falls.
Bob walking the campground. There is a great blue
heron in the water to the left of all the trees.
Sunset photo by Bob Alton (taken
while on his walk around the campground).
Sunset photo by Susan Alton (taken from
our campsite).
Here we are in Nashville, the country music capital of the United States, and neither one of us are country music fans. We learned a little about country music history when we were in Memphis, learning about the history of rock 'n' roll and soul music. They're all interrelated through the early roots of hillbilly music from the Appalachians, Gospel, and the blues. As I was looking up the history of country music, I stumbled upon an excellent blog about Nashville that will take you through the whole Nashville scene. The blogger is Amanda and her blog is Dangerous Business: a Travel Blog. Click on her blog link to read her take on Nashville's music history.

Bob's quest to immerse himself in Civil War history found him learning about the Battle of Nashville and the Stones River Battlefield 30 minutes away in Murfreesboro. You can reference his guest blog here.

When we planned our trip to Nashville, we learned The Cultural Landscape Foundation ( would be holding one of their "What's Out There Weekends" in Nashville. After having gone to the TCLF weekend in San Antonio, we were delighted to learn we could attend their free tours in Nashville and planned our stay accordingly. For the next two days, we will be on six different tours with them.

One thing we do not like about Nashville is its traffic on I-40. Holy smokes, to stay on I-40 you have to change lanes left/right/left. In most of those places, you have less than a mile to move over. And everyone else is trying to change lanes too. This was some of the gnarliest traffic we have encountered on our trip to date. Come to think of it, when Susan Medlin and I made our trip to Washington, D.C. last October, Nashville's freeways proved to be quite stressful then as well. This city needs a complete redesign of I-40 through the downtown core area. Easier said than done, I'm sure.

That was my visit to the seven C's of Nashville. I hope you enjoyed the ride. Our six tours with The Cultural Landscape Foundation over the weekend include:

  • Music Row
  • Belmont Mansion
  • The Hermitage
  • Clover Bottom Mansion
  • Tennessee State University
  • Cheekwood Estate and Botanic Garden.
Stay tuned.

Thursday, April 11, 2019

East Nashville and Stones River National Battlefield - Thursday, April 11, 2019

Today's 5k (3.1 miles) Volksmarch is around a neighborhood in East Nashville, Tennessee. The walk sign in point was at a skateboard shop. From there, we drove a few blocks to the walk start at Edgefield Baptist Church. This is described as an "Urban hike."

To us, it is fun to see all the different types of architecture, flowers in bloom, and cute shops, or murals in any given neighborhood. So let's take a walk.

Edgefield Baptist Church - our start point.
The fire of 1916 destroyed over 600 structures.
Homes in the neighborhood.
Cherry blossoms.

This walk had some hills so we got a little more exercise. We have to start getting in shape for the waterfall and Appalachian Trail hikes coming up in June!

That's a lot of chimneys!
A beautiful Craftsman home.
Every few blocks there was a sign with a map and the history of that neighborhood. 

A great color scheme on this home.
There used to be an amusement park in this area.
Mural in an alley.
This business area had shops in an alleyway.
The main focus of this walk is the neighborhood, so there are a lot of house photos. My favorites are in here.

Our checkpoint was in this park.
"Safe Walk" designation.
Nice flowers.
One of the neighborhoods we were in.

East End United Methodist Church.
A very well-made home.

I guess we were following some car routes.
The mural below on the side of Fanny's House of Music is awesome. It depicts influential women guitarists, such as Joan Jett, Dolly Parton, Taylor Swift, Suzie Quatro, Maybelle Carter, Joni Mitchell, Joan Baez, Loretta Lynn, Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Bonnie Raitt, and more.

Close-up of Joan Jett on the mural.
Another colorful mural.

The next three photos are of the "gargoyle house" that did not get destroyed in the 1916 fire in this neighborhood.

The gargoyle.
The gargoyle house.
The gargoyle house.

With that, we are done walking in East Nashville. It was a good walk, but the instructions need updating. They refer to checkpoints where there aren't any questions to answer, and there was one place in particular with an error in the directions which caused us to go up a steep hill and a few blocks out of our way. Luckily, we found the error before we went too far.

Because we only did a 5k walk, we had time for another activity today. But first, we needed lunch. From East Nashville, we drove to Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to visit Stones River National Battlefield. We didn't know the area and were looking for a place to eat. There are many choices of places to eat in Murfreesboro. If you can't make up your mind, you could be in trouble. 

We were pulling into a strip mall and saw "Chicken Salad Chick." It sounded interesting, so that's where we ended up. We are not sorry. I would say it is a highlight of our lunch choices on this vacation. The menu is all about chicken salad in many different iterations. You could get curry flavor, classic, old south, lemon basil, Barbie-Q, Dixie Chick, Fruity Fran, Buffalo Barclay, etc. You can choose your chicken salad as a scoop (no bread) or as a sandwich. It comes with one side (we chose the grape salad--mmm) and a cookie.

Chicken Salad Chick "Secret" Recipe.
My lunch!
The inside.
After our satisfying lunch, we headed out to Stones River National Battlefield. This was the site of a three-day battle during the Civil War. In that time, 23,525 were killed, wounded, or captured. The Union had 13,259 casualties, and the Confederates lost 10,266.

We did a self-guided walking trail through the battlefield. A little bit of it was on a paved path, but the majority of it was walking through ankle-deep grass. All I could think of was ticks. Ugh.

Part of the battlefield.
The cannons are pointed to the woods where
troops were gearing up to attack.
Battlefield walk.
Click on photo to enlarge. 
For a more detailed telling of Stones River, please refer to Bob's blog, Civil War Musings. I mostly took photos. Bob did the heavy lifting of writing about it.

Hazen's Brigade Memorial
Hazen's Brigade Memorial.
We walked in weeds along the edge of the road
to Stones River National Cemetery. Only Union
soldiers could be buried here.

Stones River National Cemetery

We also drove a few miles to Fortress Rosecrans and Redoubt Brannan to learn more about the defense of the railroad lines.

Be sure to read this about Redoubt Brannan!
(Click photo to enlarge.)
Fortress Rosecrans.
Today we learned about East Nashville, and about another part of the Civil War at Stones River. I also learned I need to take a shower as soon as we get home from walking in the woods or grasses. I found two ticks on myself this evening, had to remove one with tweezers. So gross! I HATE ticks!

Anyway, tomorrow we move from Seven Points Corps of Engineers campground to Cedar Creek COE campground about 14 miles away. It should be a restful day.